Outcomes of Research or Clinical Trials Activity Levels Acute Flaccid Paralysis Ageing Anaerobic Threshold Anaesthesia Assistive Technology Brain Cardiorespiratory Cardiovascular Clinical Evaluation Cold Intolerance Complementary Therapies Continence Coping Styles and Strategies Cultural Context Diagnosis and Management Differential Diagnosis Drugs Dysphagia Dysphonia Epidemiology Exercise Falls Fatigue Fractures Gender Differences Immune Response Inflammation Late Effects of Polio Muscle Strength Muscular Atrophy Orthoses Pain Polio Immunisation Post-Polio Motor Unit Psychology Quality of Life Renal Complications Respiratory Complications and Management Restless Legs Syndrome Sleep Analaysis Surgery Vitality Vocational Implications

Title order Author order Journal order Date order
Category: Assistive Technology, Quality of Life

Title: Assistive technology and prediction of happiness in people with post-polio syndrome
Author: Spiliotopoulou G, Fowkes C, Atwal A
Affiliation: Brunel University, School of Health Sciences and Social Care , Uxbridge, UB8 3PH , UK
Journal: Disability and Rehabilitation
Citation: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol. 2012 May;7(3):199-204. doi: 10.3109/17483107.2011.616921. Epub 2011 Oct 6
Publication Year and Month: 2012 05

Abstract: PURPOSE: To explore the relationship between level of happiness in people with post-polio syndrome (PPS) and assistive technology (AT) by taking into account confounding factors such as age, gender and house composition.

METHOD: Existing data from 218 adults with PPS, who had completed a cross-sectional survey conducted by the British Polio Fellowship in 2007, were used for a secondary quantitative analysis. Ordinal logistic regression was applied to determine whether ownership of or the need for AT predicted happiness in people with PPS.

RESULTS: Ownership of AT did not predict happiness, whereas the perceived need for AT was a significant predictor of feeling less happy (p = 0.028). Among the different types of AT needed, only need of home adaptations combined with major equipment was close to being significantly associated with less happiness (p = 0.078). Being older (p < 0.001) and living with a partner (p < 0.001) significantly increased the likelihood of feeling happier.

Conclusions: The findings indicate the importance of the contribution of need for AT in explaining happiness in people with PPS. The fact that users reported unmet equipment needs urge for increased user decision making and better understanding of why perceived needs are not resolved.

Outcome of Research: Not applicable

Availability of Paper: Paid subscription required to view or download full text.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view Abstract


Category: Assistive Technology, Orthoses

Title: Evaluation of gait symmetry in poliomyelitis subjects: Comparison of a conventional knee-ankle-foot orthosis and a new powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis
Author: Arazpour M (1), Ahmadi F (2), Bahramizadeh M (2), Samadian M (3), Mousavi ME (2), Bani MA (4), Hutchins SW (5)
Affiliation: (1) Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran; (2) Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran; (3) Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran; (4) Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran; (5) Institute of Health & Social Care Research (IHSCR), Faculty of Health & Social Care, University of Salford, Manchester, Salford, UK
Journal: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Citation: Prosthet Orthot Int. 2015 Aug 12. pii: 0309364615596063
Publication Year and Month: 2015 08

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Compared to able-bodied subjects, subjects with post-polio syndrome and poliomyelitis demonstrate a preference for weight-bearing on the non-paretic limb, causing gait asymmetry.

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the gait symmetry of the poliomyelitis subjects when ambulating with either a drop-locked knee-ankle-foot orthosis or a newly developed powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis.

STUDY DESIGN: Quasi experimental study.

METHODS: Seven subjects with poliomyelitis who routinely wore conventional knee-ankle-foot orthoses participated in this study and received training to enable them to ambulate with the powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis on level ground, prior to gait analysis.

RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the gait symmetry index of step length (p = 0.085), stance time (p = 0.082), double-limb support time (p = 0.929), or speed of walking (p = 0.325) between the two test conditions. However, using the new powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis improved the symmetry index in step width (p = 0.037), swing time (p = 0.014), stance phase percentage (p = 0.008), and knee flexion during swing phase (p ⩽ 0.001) compared to wearing the drop-locked knee-ankle-foot orthosis.

Conclusions: The use of a powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis for ambulation by poliomyelitis subjects affects gait symmetry in the base of support, swing time, stance phase percentage, and knee flexion during swing phase.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE: A new powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis can improve gait symmetry for poliomyelitis subjects by influencing step width, swing time, stance time percentage, and knee flexion during swing phase when compared to ambulating with a drop-locked knee-ankle-foot orthosis.

Outcome of Research: Effective

Availability of Paper: Paid subscription required to view or download full text.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view Abstract


Category: Assistive Technology, Orthoses

Title: Wearable monitoring devices for assistive technology: case studies in post-polio syndrome
Author: Andreoni G (1), Mazzola M (1), Perego P (1), Standoli CE (1), Manzoni S (1), Piccini L (2), Molteni F (3)
Affiliation: (1) Design Department, Politecnico di Milano, via G. Durando 38/A, Milan 20158, Italy; (2) 6SXT-Sistemi per Telemedicina s.r.l., via M. D'Oggiono 18/A, Lecco 23900, Italy; (3) Villa Beretta Rehabilitation Center, Valduce Hospital, Via N.Sauro, 17 - 23845 Costa Masnaga (LC), Italy
Journal: Sensors
Citation: Sensors (Basel). 2014 Jan 24;14(2):2012-27. doi: 10.3390/s140202012
Publication Year and Month: 2014 01

Abstract: The correct choice and customization of an orthosis are crucial to obtain the best comfort and efficiency. This study explored the feasibility of a multivariate quantitative assessment of the functional efficiency of lower limb orthosis through a novel wearable system. Gait basographic parameters and energetic indexes were analysed during a Six-Minute Walking Test (6-MWT) through a cost-effective, non-invasive polygraph device, with a multichannel wireless transmission, that carried out electro-cardiograph (ECG); impedance-cardiograph (ICG); and lower-limb accelerations detection. Four subjects affected by Post-Polio Syndrome (PPS) were recruited. The wearable device and the semi-automatic post-processing software provided a novel set of objective data to assess the overall efficiency of the patient-orthosis system. Despite the small number of examined subjects, the results obtained with this new approach encourage the application of the method thus enlarging the dataset to validate this promising protocol and measuring system in supporting clinical decisions and out of a laboratory environment.

Conclusions:

Outcome of Research: More research required

Availability of Paper: The full text of this paper has been generously made available by the publisher.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view full text or to download


There are currently 3 papers in this category.

Category: Assistive Technology, Orthoses

Title: Wearable monitoring devices for assistive technology: case studies in post-polio syndrome
Author: Andreoni G (1), Mazzola M (1), Perego P (1), Standoli CE (1), Manzoni S (1), Piccini L (2), Molteni F (3)
Affiliation: (1) Design Department, Politecnico di Milano, via G. Durando 38/A, Milan 20158, Italy; (2) 6SXT-Sistemi per Telemedicina s.r.l., via M. D'Oggiono 18/A, Lecco 23900, Italy; (3) Villa Beretta Rehabilitation Center, Valduce Hospital, Via N.Sauro, 17 - 23845 Costa Masnaga (LC), Italy
Journal: Sensors
Citation: Sensors (Basel). 2014 Jan 24;14(2):2012-27. doi: 10.3390/s140202012
Publication Year and Month: 2014 01

Abstract: The correct choice and customization of an orthosis are crucial to obtain the best comfort and efficiency. This study explored the feasibility of a multivariate quantitative assessment of the functional efficiency of lower limb orthosis through a novel wearable system. Gait basographic parameters and energetic indexes were analysed during a Six-Minute Walking Test (6-MWT) through a cost-effective, non-invasive polygraph device, with a multichannel wireless transmission, that carried out electro-cardiograph (ECG); impedance-cardiograph (ICG); and lower-limb accelerations detection. Four subjects affected by Post-Polio Syndrome (PPS) were recruited. The wearable device and the semi-automatic post-processing software provided a novel set of objective data to assess the overall efficiency of the patient-orthosis system. Despite the small number of examined subjects, the results obtained with this new approach encourage the application of the method thus enlarging the dataset to validate this promising protocol and measuring system in supporting clinical decisions and out of a laboratory environment.

Conclusions:

Outcome of Research: More research required

Availability of Paper: The full text of this paper has been generously made available by the publisher.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view full text or to download


Category: Assistive Technology, Orthoses

Title: Evaluation of gait symmetry in poliomyelitis subjects: Comparison of a conventional knee-ankle-foot orthosis and a new powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis
Author: Arazpour M (1), Ahmadi F (2), Bahramizadeh M (2), Samadian M (3), Mousavi ME (2), Bani MA (4), Hutchins SW (5)
Affiliation: (1) Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran; (2) Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran; (3) Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran; (4) Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran; (5) Institute of Health & Social Care Research (IHSCR), Faculty of Health & Social Care, University of Salford, Manchester, Salford, UK
Journal: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Citation: Prosthet Orthot Int. 2015 Aug 12. pii: 0309364615596063
Publication Year and Month: 2015 08

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Compared to able-bodied subjects, subjects with post-polio syndrome and poliomyelitis demonstrate a preference for weight-bearing on the non-paretic limb, causing gait asymmetry.

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the gait symmetry of the poliomyelitis subjects when ambulating with either a drop-locked knee-ankle-foot orthosis or a newly developed powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis.

STUDY DESIGN: Quasi experimental study.

METHODS: Seven subjects with poliomyelitis who routinely wore conventional knee-ankle-foot orthoses participated in this study and received training to enable them to ambulate with the powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis on level ground, prior to gait analysis.

RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the gait symmetry index of step length (p = 0.085), stance time (p = 0.082), double-limb support time (p = 0.929), or speed of walking (p = 0.325) between the two test conditions. However, using the new powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis improved the symmetry index in step width (p = 0.037), swing time (p = 0.014), stance phase percentage (p = 0.008), and knee flexion during swing phase (p ⩽ 0.001) compared to wearing the drop-locked knee-ankle-foot orthosis.

Conclusions: The use of a powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis for ambulation by poliomyelitis subjects affects gait symmetry in the base of support, swing time, stance phase percentage, and knee flexion during swing phase.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE: A new powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis can improve gait symmetry for poliomyelitis subjects by influencing step width, swing time, stance time percentage, and knee flexion during swing phase when compared to ambulating with a drop-locked knee-ankle-foot orthosis.

Outcome of Research: Effective

Availability of Paper: Paid subscription required to view or download full text.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view Abstract


Category: Assistive Technology, Quality of Life

Title: Assistive technology and prediction of happiness in people with post-polio syndrome
Author: Spiliotopoulou G, Fowkes C, Atwal A
Affiliation: Brunel University, School of Health Sciences and Social Care , Uxbridge, UB8 3PH , UK
Journal: Disability and Rehabilitation
Citation: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol. 2012 May;7(3):199-204. doi: 10.3109/17483107.2011.616921. Epub 2011 Oct 6
Publication Year and Month: 2012 05

Abstract: PURPOSE: To explore the relationship between level of happiness in people with post-polio syndrome (PPS) and assistive technology (AT) by taking into account confounding factors such as age, gender and house composition.

METHOD: Existing data from 218 adults with PPS, who had completed a cross-sectional survey conducted by the British Polio Fellowship in 2007, were used for a secondary quantitative analysis. Ordinal logistic regression was applied to determine whether ownership of or the need for AT predicted happiness in people with PPS.

RESULTS: Ownership of AT did not predict happiness, whereas the perceived need for AT was a significant predictor of feeling less happy (p = 0.028). Among the different types of AT needed, only need of home adaptations combined with major equipment was close to being significantly associated with less happiness (p = 0.078). Being older (p < 0.001) and living with a partner (p < 0.001) significantly increased the likelihood of feeling happier.

Conclusions: The findings indicate the importance of the contribution of need for AT in explaining happiness in people with PPS. The fact that users reported unmet equipment needs urge for increased user decision making and better understanding of why perceived needs are not resolved.

Outcome of Research: Not applicable

Availability of Paper: Paid subscription required to view or download full text.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view Abstract


There are currently 3 papers in this category.

Category: Assistive Technology, Quality of Life

Title: Assistive technology and prediction of happiness in people with post-polio syndrome
Author: Spiliotopoulou G, Fowkes C, Atwal A
Affiliation: Brunel University, School of Health Sciences and Social Care , Uxbridge, UB8 3PH , UK
Journal: Disability and Rehabilitation
Citation: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol. 2012 May;7(3):199-204. doi: 10.3109/17483107.2011.616921. Epub 2011 Oct 6
Publication Year and Month: 2012 05

Abstract: PURPOSE: To explore the relationship between level of happiness in people with post-polio syndrome (PPS) and assistive technology (AT) by taking into account confounding factors such as age, gender and house composition.

METHOD: Existing data from 218 adults with PPS, who had completed a cross-sectional survey conducted by the British Polio Fellowship in 2007, were used for a secondary quantitative analysis. Ordinal logistic regression was applied to determine whether ownership of or the need for AT predicted happiness in people with PPS.

RESULTS: Ownership of AT did not predict happiness, whereas the perceived need for AT was a significant predictor of feeling less happy (p = 0.028). Among the different types of AT needed, only need of home adaptations combined with major equipment was close to being significantly associated with less happiness (p = 0.078). Being older (p < 0.001) and living with a partner (p < 0.001) significantly increased the likelihood of feeling happier.

Conclusions: The findings indicate the importance of the contribution of need for AT in explaining happiness in people with PPS. The fact that users reported unmet equipment needs urge for increased user decision making and better understanding of why perceived needs are not resolved.

Outcome of Research: Not applicable

Availability of Paper: Paid subscription required to view or download full text.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view Abstract


Category: Assistive Technology, Orthoses

Title: Evaluation of gait symmetry in poliomyelitis subjects: Comparison of a conventional knee-ankle-foot orthosis and a new powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis
Author: Arazpour M (1), Ahmadi F (2), Bahramizadeh M (2), Samadian M (3), Mousavi ME (2), Bani MA (4), Hutchins SW (5)
Affiliation: (1) Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran; (2) Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran; (3) Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran; (4) Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran; (5) Institute of Health & Social Care Research (IHSCR), Faculty of Health & Social Care, University of Salford, Manchester, Salford, UK
Journal: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Citation: Prosthet Orthot Int. 2015 Aug 12. pii: 0309364615596063
Publication Year and Month: 2015 08

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Compared to able-bodied subjects, subjects with post-polio syndrome and poliomyelitis demonstrate a preference for weight-bearing on the non-paretic limb, causing gait asymmetry.

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the gait symmetry of the poliomyelitis subjects when ambulating with either a drop-locked knee-ankle-foot orthosis or a newly developed powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis.

STUDY DESIGN: Quasi experimental study.

METHODS: Seven subjects with poliomyelitis who routinely wore conventional knee-ankle-foot orthoses participated in this study and received training to enable them to ambulate with the powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis on level ground, prior to gait analysis.

RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the gait symmetry index of step length (p = 0.085), stance time (p = 0.082), double-limb support time (p = 0.929), or speed of walking (p = 0.325) between the two test conditions. However, using the new powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis improved the symmetry index in step width (p = 0.037), swing time (p = 0.014), stance phase percentage (p = 0.008), and knee flexion during swing phase (p ⩽ 0.001) compared to wearing the drop-locked knee-ankle-foot orthosis.

Conclusions: The use of a powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis for ambulation by poliomyelitis subjects affects gait symmetry in the base of support, swing time, stance phase percentage, and knee flexion during swing phase.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE: A new powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis can improve gait symmetry for poliomyelitis subjects by influencing step width, swing time, stance time percentage, and knee flexion during swing phase when compared to ambulating with a drop-locked knee-ankle-foot orthosis.

Outcome of Research: Effective

Availability of Paper: Paid subscription required to view or download full text.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view Abstract


Category: Assistive Technology, Orthoses

Title: Wearable monitoring devices for assistive technology: case studies in post-polio syndrome
Author: Andreoni G (1), Mazzola M (1), Perego P (1), Standoli CE (1), Manzoni S (1), Piccini L (2), Molteni F (3)
Affiliation: (1) Design Department, Politecnico di Milano, via G. Durando 38/A, Milan 20158, Italy; (2) 6SXT-Sistemi per Telemedicina s.r.l., via M. D'Oggiono 18/A, Lecco 23900, Italy; (3) Villa Beretta Rehabilitation Center, Valduce Hospital, Via N.Sauro, 17 - 23845 Costa Masnaga (LC), Italy
Journal: Sensors
Citation: Sensors (Basel). 2014 Jan 24;14(2):2012-27. doi: 10.3390/s140202012
Publication Year and Month: 2014 01

Abstract: The correct choice and customization of an orthosis are crucial to obtain the best comfort and efficiency. This study explored the feasibility of a multivariate quantitative assessment of the functional efficiency of lower limb orthosis through a novel wearable system. Gait basographic parameters and energetic indexes were analysed during a Six-Minute Walking Test (6-MWT) through a cost-effective, non-invasive polygraph device, with a multichannel wireless transmission, that carried out electro-cardiograph (ECG); impedance-cardiograph (ICG); and lower-limb accelerations detection. Four subjects affected by Post-Polio Syndrome (PPS) were recruited. The wearable device and the semi-automatic post-processing software provided a novel set of objective data to assess the overall efficiency of the patient-orthosis system. Despite the small number of examined subjects, the results obtained with this new approach encourage the application of the method thus enlarging the dataset to validate this promising protocol and measuring system in supporting clinical decisions and out of a laboratory environment.

Conclusions:

Outcome of Research: More research required

Availability of Paper: The full text of this paper has been generously made available by the publisher.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view full text or to download


There are currently 3 papers in this category.

Category: Assistive Technology, Orthoses

Title: Evaluation of gait symmetry in poliomyelitis subjects: Comparison of a conventional knee-ankle-foot orthosis and a new powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis
Author: Arazpour M (1), Ahmadi F (2), Bahramizadeh M (2), Samadian M (3), Mousavi ME (2), Bani MA (4), Hutchins SW (5)
Affiliation: (1) Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran; (2) Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran; (3) Loghman Hakim Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran; (4) Department of Orthotics and Prosthetics, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran; (5) Institute of Health & Social Care Research (IHSCR), Faculty of Health & Social Care, University of Salford, Manchester, Salford, UK
Journal: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Citation: Prosthet Orthot Int. 2015 Aug 12. pii: 0309364615596063
Publication Year and Month: 2015 08

Abstract: BACKGROUND: Compared to able-bodied subjects, subjects with post-polio syndrome and poliomyelitis demonstrate a preference for weight-bearing on the non-paretic limb, causing gait asymmetry.

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the gait symmetry of the poliomyelitis subjects when ambulating with either a drop-locked knee-ankle-foot orthosis or a newly developed powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis.

STUDY DESIGN: Quasi experimental study.

METHODS: Seven subjects with poliomyelitis who routinely wore conventional knee-ankle-foot orthoses participated in this study and received training to enable them to ambulate with the powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis on level ground, prior to gait analysis.

RESULTS: There were no significant differences in the gait symmetry index of step length (p = 0.085), stance time (p = 0.082), double-limb support time (p = 0.929), or speed of walking (p = 0.325) between the two test conditions. However, using the new powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis improved the symmetry index in step width (p = 0.037), swing time (p = 0.014), stance phase percentage (p = 0.008), and knee flexion during swing phase (p ⩽ 0.001) compared to wearing the drop-locked knee-ankle-foot orthosis.

Conclusions: The use of a powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis for ambulation by poliomyelitis subjects affects gait symmetry in the base of support, swing time, stance phase percentage, and knee flexion during swing phase.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE: A new powered knee-ankle-foot orthosis can improve gait symmetry for poliomyelitis subjects by influencing step width, swing time, stance time percentage, and knee flexion during swing phase when compared to ambulating with a drop-locked knee-ankle-foot orthosis.

Outcome of Research: Effective

Availability of Paper: Paid subscription required to view or download full text.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view Abstract


Category: Assistive Technology, Orthoses

Title: Wearable monitoring devices for assistive technology: case studies in post-polio syndrome
Author: Andreoni G (1), Mazzola M (1), Perego P (1), Standoli CE (1), Manzoni S (1), Piccini L (2), Molteni F (3)
Affiliation: (1) Design Department, Politecnico di Milano, via G. Durando 38/A, Milan 20158, Italy; (2) 6SXT-Sistemi per Telemedicina s.r.l., via M. D'Oggiono 18/A, Lecco 23900, Italy; (3) Villa Beretta Rehabilitation Center, Valduce Hospital, Via N.Sauro, 17 - 23845 Costa Masnaga (LC), Italy
Journal: Sensors
Citation: Sensors (Basel). 2014 Jan 24;14(2):2012-27. doi: 10.3390/s140202012
Publication Year and Month: 2014 01

Abstract: The correct choice and customization of an orthosis are crucial to obtain the best comfort and efficiency. This study explored the feasibility of a multivariate quantitative assessment of the functional efficiency of lower limb orthosis through a novel wearable system. Gait basographic parameters and energetic indexes were analysed during a Six-Minute Walking Test (6-MWT) through a cost-effective, non-invasive polygraph device, with a multichannel wireless transmission, that carried out electro-cardiograph (ECG); impedance-cardiograph (ICG); and lower-limb accelerations detection. Four subjects affected by Post-Polio Syndrome (PPS) were recruited. The wearable device and the semi-automatic post-processing software provided a novel set of objective data to assess the overall efficiency of the patient-orthosis system. Despite the small number of examined subjects, the results obtained with this new approach encourage the application of the method thus enlarging the dataset to validate this promising protocol and measuring system in supporting clinical decisions and out of a laboratory environment.

Conclusions:

Outcome of Research: More research required

Availability of Paper: The full text of this paper has been generously made available by the publisher.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view full text or to download


Category: Assistive Technology, Quality of Life

Title: Assistive technology and prediction of happiness in people with post-polio syndrome
Author: Spiliotopoulou G, Fowkes C, Atwal A
Affiliation: Brunel University, School of Health Sciences and Social Care , Uxbridge, UB8 3PH , UK
Journal: Disability and Rehabilitation
Citation: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol. 2012 May;7(3):199-204. doi: 10.3109/17483107.2011.616921. Epub 2011 Oct 6
Publication Year and Month: 2012 05

Abstract: PURPOSE: To explore the relationship between level of happiness in people with post-polio syndrome (PPS) and assistive technology (AT) by taking into account confounding factors such as age, gender and house composition.

METHOD: Existing data from 218 adults with PPS, who had completed a cross-sectional survey conducted by the British Polio Fellowship in 2007, were used for a secondary quantitative analysis. Ordinal logistic regression was applied to determine whether ownership of or the need for AT predicted happiness in people with PPS.

RESULTS: Ownership of AT did not predict happiness, whereas the perceived need for AT was a significant predictor of feeling less happy (p = 0.028). Among the different types of AT needed, only need of home adaptations combined with major equipment was close to being significantly associated with less happiness (p = 0.078). Being older (p < 0.001) and living with a partner (p < 0.001) significantly increased the likelihood of feeling happier.

Conclusions: The findings indicate the importance of the contribution of need for AT in explaining happiness in people with PPS. The fact that users reported unmet equipment needs urge for increased user decision making and better understanding of why perceived needs are not resolved.

Outcome of Research: Not applicable

Availability of Paper: Paid subscription required to view or download full text.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view Abstract


There are currently 3 papers in this category.

Outcomes of Research or Clinical Trials Activity Levels Acute Flaccid Paralysis Ageing Anaerobic Threshold Anaesthesia Assistive Technology Brain Cardiorespiratory Cardiovascular Clinical Evaluation Cold Intolerance Complementary Therapies Continence Coping Styles and Strategies Cultural Context Diagnosis and Management Differential Diagnosis Drugs Dysphagia Dysphonia Epidemiology Exercise Falls Fatigue Fractures Gender Differences Immune Response Inflammation Late Effects of Polio Muscle Strength Muscular Atrophy Orthoses Pain Polio Immunisation Post-Polio Motor Unit Psychology Quality of Life Renal Complications Respiratory Complications and Management Restless Legs Syndrome Sleep Analaysis Surgery Vitality Vocational Implications