Outcomes of Research or Clinical Trials Activity Levels Acute Flaccid Paralysis Ageing Anaerobic Threshold Anaesthesia Assistive Technology Brain Cardiorespiratory Cardiovascular Clinical Evaluation Cold Intolerance Complementary Therapies Continence Coping Styles and Strategies Cultural Context Diagnosis and Management Differential Diagnosis Drugs Dysphagia Dysphonia Epidemiology Exercise Falls Fatigue Fractures Gender Differences Immune Response Inflammation Late Effects of Polio Muscle Strength Muscular Atrophy Orthoses Pain Polio Immunisation Post-Polio Motor Unit Psychology Quality of Life Renal Complications Respiratory Complications and Management Restless Legs Syndrome Sleep Analaysis Surgery Vitality Vocational Implications

Title order Author order Journal order Date order
Category: Falls, Fractures and Osteoporosis, Surgery

Title: Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients With Postpolio Residual Paralysis: A Systematic Review
Author: Gaurav K. Upadhyaya, MS Orthopaedics (1)
Mohit K. Patralekh, MS Orthopaedics (2)
Vijay K. Jain, MS Orthopaedics (3)
Karthikeyan.P. Iyengar, FRCS (TR & Orth) (4)
Deepak Gautam, MS Orthopaedics (5)
Raju Vaishya, MS Orthopaedics (6)
Rajesh Malhotra, MS Orthopaedics (5)
Affiliation: 1. Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rae Bareli, Uttar Pradesh, India

2. Department of Orthopaedics, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India

3. Department of Orthopaedics, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India

4. Orthopaedics and Trauma, Southport and Ormskirk NHS Trust, Southport, UK

5. Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, India

6. Department of Orthopaedics, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi, India
Journal:
Citation: DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2021.01.046
Publication Year and Month: 2021 01

Abstract: BACKGROUND
Patients with postpolio residual paralysis can develop disabling hip arthritis in paralytic as well as a nonparalytic limb, warranting total hip arthroplasty (THA). Limited literature is available on the results of THA among these patients in the form of small series or case reports. We have undertaken a systematic review to evaluate the clinical outcome of THA in patients with poliomyelitis with hip pathologies.

METHODS
A systematic search of electronic databases of PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science pertaining to English literature was undertaken from 1945 to August 2020 to assess the results of THA in patients with poliomyelitis. Information was gathered about demographics, indication, clinical course, complications, functional outcome, survival, and need for any revision surgery in these patients.

RESULTS
The literature search revealed 81 articles. Finally, after deduplication and manual selection, 16 relevant articles (128 hips) were included for evaluation. There is a paucity of literature evaluating THA in patients with poliomyelitis over the last 2 decades. The principal reason for arthroplasty was osteoarthritis of the hip in the ipsilateral (paralyzed) limb. A combination of cemented, uncemented, and hybrid implant fixation system was found to be used by surgeons. Addressing instability and perioperative management of limb length discrepancy were found to be challenging propositions.

CONCLUSION
THA remains an effective intervention to relieve pain and improve quality of life in patients of poliomyelitis afflicted with either primary or secondary arthritis of the hip. The use of uncemented nonconstrained hip implant designs appears to demonstrate better results than constrained implants.

Conclusions: THA remains an effective intervention to relieve pain and improve quality of life in patients of poliomyelitis afflicted with either primary or secondary arthritis of the hip. The use of uncemented nonconstrained hip implant designs appears to demonstrate better results than constrained implants.

Outcome of Research: Effective

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There are currently 1 papers in this category.

Category: Falls, Fractures and Osteoporosis, Surgery

Title: Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients With Postpolio Residual Paralysis: A Systematic Review
Author: Gaurav K. Upadhyaya, MS Orthopaedics (1)
Mohit K. Patralekh, MS Orthopaedics (2)
Vijay K. Jain, MS Orthopaedics (3)
Karthikeyan.P. Iyengar, FRCS (TR & Orth) (4)
Deepak Gautam, MS Orthopaedics (5)
Raju Vaishya, MS Orthopaedics (6)
Rajesh Malhotra, MS Orthopaedics (5)

Affiliation: 1. Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rae Bareli, Uttar Pradesh, India

2. Department of Orthopaedics, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India

3. Department of Orthopaedics, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India

4. Orthopaedics and Trauma, Southport and Ormskirk NHS Trust, Southport, UK

5. Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, India

6. Department of Orthopaedics, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi, India
Journal:
Citation: DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2021.01.046
Publication Year and Month: 2021 01

Abstract: BACKGROUND
Patients with postpolio residual paralysis can develop disabling hip arthritis in paralytic as well as a nonparalytic limb, warranting total hip arthroplasty (THA). Limited literature is available on the results of THA among these patients in the form of small series or case reports. We have undertaken a systematic review to evaluate the clinical outcome of THA in patients with poliomyelitis with hip pathologies.

METHODS
A systematic search of electronic databases of PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science pertaining to English literature was undertaken from 1945 to August 2020 to assess the results of THA in patients with poliomyelitis. Information was gathered about demographics, indication, clinical course, complications, functional outcome, survival, and need for any revision surgery in these patients.

RESULTS
The literature search revealed 81 articles. Finally, after deduplication and manual selection, 16 relevant articles (128 hips) were included for evaluation. There is a paucity of literature evaluating THA in patients with poliomyelitis over the last 2 decades. The principal reason for arthroplasty was osteoarthritis of the hip in the ipsilateral (paralyzed) limb. A combination of cemented, uncemented, and hybrid implant fixation system was found to be used by surgeons. Addressing instability and perioperative management of limb length discrepancy were found to be challenging propositions.

CONCLUSION
THA remains an effective intervention to relieve pain and improve quality of life in patients of poliomyelitis afflicted with either primary or secondary arthritis of the hip. The use of uncemented nonconstrained hip implant designs appears to demonstrate better results than constrained implants.

Conclusions: THA remains an effective intervention to relieve pain and improve quality of life in patients of poliomyelitis afflicted with either primary or secondary arthritis of the hip. The use of uncemented nonconstrained hip implant designs appears to demonstrate better results than constrained implants.

Outcome of Research: Effective

Availability of Paper: Paid subscription required to view or download full text.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view Abstract


There are currently 1 papers in this category.

Category: Falls, Fractures and Osteoporosis, Surgery

Title: Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients With Postpolio Residual Paralysis: A Systematic Review
Author: Gaurav K. Upadhyaya, MS Orthopaedics (1)
Mohit K. Patralekh, MS Orthopaedics (2)
Vijay K. Jain, MS Orthopaedics (3)
Karthikeyan.P. Iyengar, FRCS (TR & Orth) (4)
Deepak Gautam, MS Orthopaedics (5)
Raju Vaishya, MS Orthopaedics (6)
Rajesh Malhotra, MS Orthopaedics (5)
Affiliation: 1. Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rae Bareli, Uttar Pradesh, India

2. Department of Orthopaedics, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India

3. Department of Orthopaedics, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India

4. Orthopaedics and Trauma, Southport and Ormskirk NHS Trust, Southport, UK

5. Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, India

6. Department of Orthopaedics, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi, India
Journal:
Citation: DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2021.01.046
Publication Year and Month: 2021 01

Abstract: BACKGROUND
Patients with postpolio residual paralysis can develop disabling hip arthritis in paralytic as well as a nonparalytic limb, warranting total hip arthroplasty (THA). Limited literature is available on the results of THA among these patients in the form of small series or case reports. We have undertaken a systematic review to evaluate the clinical outcome of THA in patients with poliomyelitis with hip pathologies.

METHODS
A systematic search of electronic databases of PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science pertaining to English literature was undertaken from 1945 to August 2020 to assess the results of THA in patients with poliomyelitis. Information was gathered about demographics, indication, clinical course, complications, functional outcome, survival, and need for any revision surgery in these patients.

RESULTS
The literature search revealed 81 articles. Finally, after deduplication and manual selection, 16 relevant articles (128 hips) were included for evaluation. There is a paucity of literature evaluating THA in patients with poliomyelitis over the last 2 decades. The principal reason for arthroplasty was osteoarthritis of the hip in the ipsilateral (paralyzed) limb. A combination of cemented, uncemented, and hybrid implant fixation system was found to be used by surgeons. Addressing instability and perioperative management of limb length discrepancy were found to be challenging propositions.

CONCLUSION
THA remains an effective intervention to relieve pain and improve quality of life in patients of poliomyelitis afflicted with either primary or secondary arthritis of the hip. The use of uncemented nonconstrained hip implant designs appears to demonstrate better results than constrained implants.

Conclusions: THA remains an effective intervention to relieve pain and improve quality of life in patients of poliomyelitis afflicted with either primary or secondary arthritis of the hip. The use of uncemented nonconstrained hip implant designs appears to demonstrate better results than constrained implants.

Outcome of Research: Effective

Availability of Paper: Paid subscription required to view or download full text.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view Abstract


There are currently 1 papers in this category.

Category: Falls, Fractures and Osteoporosis, Surgery

Title: Total Hip Arthroplasty in Patients With Postpolio Residual Paralysis: A Systematic Review
Author: Gaurav K. Upadhyaya, MS Orthopaedics (1)
Mohit K. Patralekh, MS Orthopaedics (2)
Vijay K. Jain, MS Orthopaedics (3)
Karthikeyan.P. Iyengar, FRCS (TR & Orth) (4)
Deepak Gautam, MS Orthopaedics (5)
Raju Vaishya, MS Orthopaedics (6)
Rajesh Malhotra, MS Orthopaedics (5)
Affiliation: 1. Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rae Bareli, Uttar Pradesh, India

2. Department of Orthopaedics, Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, India

3. Department of Orthopaedics, Atal Bihari Vajpayee Institute of Medical Sciences, Dr Ram Manohar Lohia Hospital, New Delhi, India

4. Orthopaedics and Trauma, Southport and Ormskirk NHS Trust, Southport, UK

5. Department of Orthopaedics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi, India

6. Department of Orthopaedics, Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi, India
Journal:
Citation: DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.arth.2021.01.046
Publication Year and Month: 2021 01

Abstract: BACKGROUND
Patients with postpolio residual paralysis can develop disabling hip arthritis in paralytic as well as a nonparalytic limb, warranting total hip arthroplasty (THA). Limited literature is available on the results of THA among these patients in the form of small series or case reports. We have undertaken a systematic review to evaluate the clinical outcome of THA in patients with poliomyelitis with hip pathologies.

METHODS
A systematic search of electronic databases of PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science pertaining to English literature was undertaken from 1945 to August 2020 to assess the results of THA in patients with poliomyelitis. Information was gathered about demographics, indication, clinical course, complications, functional outcome, survival, and need for any revision surgery in these patients.

RESULTS
The literature search revealed 81 articles. Finally, after deduplication and manual selection, 16 relevant articles (128 hips) were included for evaluation. There is a paucity of literature evaluating THA in patients with poliomyelitis over the last 2 decades. The principal reason for arthroplasty was osteoarthritis of the hip in the ipsilateral (paralyzed) limb. A combination of cemented, uncemented, and hybrid implant fixation system was found to be used by surgeons. Addressing instability and perioperative management of limb length discrepancy were found to be challenging propositions.

CONCLUSION
THA remains an effective intervention to relieve pain and improve quality of life in patients of poliomyelitis afflicted with either primary or secondary arthritis of the hip. The use of uncemented nonconstrained hip implant designs appears to demonstrate better results than constrained implants.

Conclusions: THA remains an effective intervention to relieve pain and improve quality of life in patients of poliomyelitis afflicted with either primary or secondary arthritis of the hip. The use of uncemented nonconstrained hip implant designs appears to demonstrate better results than constrained implants.

Outcome of Research: Effective

Availability of Paper: Paid subscription required to view or download full text.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view Abstract


There are currently 1 papers in this category.

Outcomes of Research or Clinical Trials Activity Levels Acute Flaccid Paralysis Ageing Anaerobic Threshold Anaesthesia Assistive Technology Brain Cardiorespiratory Cardiovascular Clinical Evaluation Cold Intolerance Complementary Therapies Continence Coping Styles and Strategies Cultural Context Diagnosis and Management Differential Diagnosis Drugs Dysphagia Dysphonia Epidemiology Exercise Falls Fatigue Fractures Gender Differences Immune Response Inflammation Late Effects of Polio Muscle Strength Muscular Atrophy Orthoses Pain Polio Immunisation Post-Polio Motor Unit Psychology Quality of Life Renal Complications Respiratory Complications and Management Restless Legs Syndrome Sleep Analaysis Surgery Vitality Vocational Implications