Outcomes of Research or Clinical Trials Activity Levels Acute Flaccid Paralysis Ageing Anaerobic Threshold Anaesthesia Assistive Technology Brain Cardiorespiratory Cardiovascular Clinical Evaluation Cold Intolerance Complementary Therapies Continence Coping Styles and Strategies Cultural Context Diagnosis and Management Differential Diagnosis Drugs Dysphagia Dysphonia Epidemiology Exercise Falls Fatigue Fractures Gender Differences Immune Response Inflammation Late Effects of Polio Muscle Strength Muscular Atrophy Orthoses Pain Polio Immunisation Post-Polio Motor Unit Psychology Quality of Life Renal Complications Respiratory Complications and Management Restless Legs Syndrome Sleep Analaysis Surgery Vitality Vocational Implications

Title order Author order Journal order Date order
Category: Differential Diagnosis

Title: Diagnosing Post-Polio Syndrome in the Elderly, a Case Report
Author: Amole, M. & Khouzam-Skelton, N.
Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33612, USA
Journal: NEW - PUT DETAILS IN CITATION FIELD
Citation: Geriatrics. 2017, 2(2), 14; doi:10.3390/geriatrics2020014
Publication Year and Month: 2017 02

Abstract: Poliomyelitis is a disorder of the nervous system caused by an enterovirus. There are many survivors who, years later, develop a little-understood condition called Post-polio syndrome. Post-polio syndrome is a group of delayed sequalae of polio infection that can cause paralysis and bulbar symptoms in patients with a history of polio infection who have had a prolonged symptom-free period, often greater than two decades. Diagnosis of post-polio syndrome is difficult in the geriatric population because many of the symptoms overlap with other disease processes affecting older individuals. An extensive workup is necessary to exclude more concerning etiologies. Furthermore, several symptoms can be attributed to normal ageing. We present the case of an elderly patient with a history of poliomyelitis and multiple comorbidities who presented with complaints of weakness and fatigue.

Conclusions: Post-polio syndrome is an interesting disorder characterized by new neuromuscular deficits that present years after the resolution of a polio infection. There are several diagnostic criteria, but one of the most important is the exclusion of other possible diagnoses. Post-polio syndrome diagnosis is even more difficult in the elderly population due to the presence of multiple comorbid conditions. Extensive testing may be necessary for an appropriate diagnosis in this population.

Outcome of Research: Not applicable

Availability of Paper: The full text of this paper has been generously made available by the publisher.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view full text or to download


Category: Differential Diagnosis

Title: Health and Social Considerations in Norwegian Polio Survivors: A 20-Year Follow-up Study
Author: Festvag L, Schanke A-K, Gilhus NE, et al.
Affiliation: Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital
University of Oslo
University of Bergen; Haukelund University Hospital, Bergen
Journal: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Citation: J Rehabil Med. 2016;48(8):688-695
Publication Year and Month: 2016 10

Abstract: Objective: To explore the physical and social situation of the Norwegian polio population in 2014, and to compare the status of this population in 2014 with the results of a similar survey carried out 20 years previously, in 1994.

Design: The study was based on a questionnaire covering demographics, polio history, and current medical, psychological and social conditions.

Subjects: The questionnaire was prepared in cooperation with the National Society of Polio Survivors and others with known polio (n = 1,968). A total of 1,408 persons responded (72%), mean age 70 years (range 28–98 years).

Results: The most frequent health problems reported were muscle and joint pain, cold intolerance and insomnia. New muscle weakness and loss of muscle volume were reported more frequently in 2014 than in the 1994 study. The use of orthopaedic aids, assistive devices, ventilators and other respiratory aids had increased significantly, but 83% reported that they still had no home care or nursing services support. The 2014 polio population reported only minor subjective worsening of health and well-being compared with the 1994 cohort.

Conclusion: The present study indicates that the elderly polio population are experiencing new muscle weakness and increasing health problems, but that the deterioration occurs slowly and with fewer consequences for the subjective experience of general health and well-being, indicating that the patients are adapting to their life situation. However, subgroups of the elderly polio population are in need of special care.

Conclusions: The present study indicates that the elderly polio population are experiencing new muscle weakness and increasing health problems, but that the deterioration occurs slowly and with fewer consequences for the subjective experience of general health and well-being, indicating that the patients are adapting to their life situation. However, subgroups of the elderly polio population are in need of special care.

Outcome of Research: More research required

Availability of Paper: The full text of this paper has been generously made available by the publisher.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view full text or to download


Category: Diagnosis and Management, Differential Diagnosis, Gender Differences, Late Effects of Polio

Title: Postpolio Syndrome: A Review of Lived Experiences of Patients
Author: Oluwaseyi Jacob Oluwasanmi, Devaunna Andrene Mckenzie, Idowu Oluwasegun Adewole, Christian O Aluka, James Iyasse, Esther Olunu, and Adegbenro Omotuyi Fakoya1
Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, All Saints University School of Medicine, Commonwealth of Dominica, Roseau, Dominica
1Department of Anatomical Sciences, University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis
Address for correspondence: Dr. Adegbenro Omotuyi Fakoya, University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis. E-mail: [email protected]
Journal: NEW - PUT DETAILS IN CITATION FIELD
Citation: International Journal of Applied & Basic Medical Research

Oluwasanmi, O. J., Mckenzie, D. A., Adewole, I. O., Aluka, C. O., Iyasse, J., Olunu, E., & Fakoya, A. O. (2019). Postpolio Syndrome: A Review of Lived Experiences of Patients. International journal of applied & basic medical research, 9(3), 129–134. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_333_18
Publication Year and Month: 2019 07

Abstract: Postpolio syndrome (PPS) refers to a group of conditions that are present in patients, years after recovery from initial acute paralytic poliomyelitis. About 15%–80% of 20 million polio survivors worldwide will experience exacerbation of symptoms which typically appear 15–30 years after the resolution of initial poliomyelitis. Symptoms include new muscle weakness, fatigue, myalgia, joint pain, dysphagia, and difficulty breathing. Other reported symptoms include cold intolerance, sleep disorder, dysphonia, loss of stamina, musculoskeletal deformities, cardiovascular disorders, psychosocial problems, and restless legs syndrome. These symptoms are attributed to the superimposed neuronal loss of aging with inflammatory mechanisms, but without any convincing evidence of viral reactivation. Risk factors include female gender, respiratory symptoms, normal aging, permanent disability caused by motor neuron damage, muscle overuse and disuse, aging, and immunologic mechanisms. Hypothyroidism-induced myopathy and fibromyalgia are a differential diagnosis for PPS, and exclusion diagnosis is required as confirmatory criteria for PPS. The symptoms of PPS presented determine the course of management.

Keywords: Fatigue, muscle weakness, myalgia, poliomyelitis, postpolio syndrome

Conclusions: PPS is a sequela of acute poliomyelitis which occurs decades after resolution of the initial paralytic or nonparalytic polio. Fatigue, muscle weakness, myalgia, and joint pain are the major symptoms of PPS. Diagnosis of PPS is made based on the exclusion of other conditions that can cause similar symptoms. The quality of life of patients with PPS is significantly affected by the reoccurrence of the constellations of symptoms they experience. Proper assessment and treatment should be performed to prevent severe impairment of function in patients.

Outcome of Research: More research required

Availability of Paper: The full text of this paper has been generously made available by the publisher.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view full text or to download


There are currently 3 papers in this category.

Category: Differential Diagnosis

Title: Diagnosing Post-Polio Syndrome in the Elderly, a Case Report
Author: Amole, M. & Khouzam-Skelton, N.
Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33612, USA
Journal: NEW - PUT DETAILS IN CITATION FIELD
Citation: Geriatrics. 2017, 2(2), 14; doi:10.3390/geriatrics2020014
Publication Year and Month: 2017 02

Abstract: Poliomyelitis is a disorder of the nervous system caused by an enterovirus. There are many survivors who, years later, develop a little-understood condition called Post-polio syndrome. Post-polio syndrome is a group of delayed sequalae of polio infection that can cause paralysis and bulbar symptoms in patients with a history of polio infection who have had a prolonged symptom-free period, often greater than two decades. Diagnosis of post-polio syndrome is difficult in the geriatric population because many of the symptoms overlap with other disease processes affecting older individuals. An extensive workup is necessary to exclude more concerning etiologies. Furthermore, several symptoms can be attributed to normal ageing. We present the case of an elderly patient with a history of poliomyelitis and multiple comorbidities who presented with complaints of weakness and fatigue.

Conclusions: Post-polio syndrome is an interesting disorder characterized by new neuromuscular deficits that present years after the resolution of a polio infection. There are several diagnostic criteria, but one of the most important is the exclusion of other possible diagnoses. Post-polio syndrome diagnosis is even more difficult in the elderly population due to the presence of multiple comorbid conditions. Extensive testing may be necessary for an appropriate diagnosis in this population.

Outcome of Research: Not applicable

Availability of Paper: The full text of this paper has been generously made available by the publisher.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view full text or to download


Category: Differential Diagnosis

Title: Health and Social Considerations in Norwegian Polio Survivors: A 20-Year Follow-up Study
Author: Festvag L, Schanke A-K, Gilhus NE, et al.
Affiliation: Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital
University of Oslo
University of Bergen; Haukelund University Hospital, Bergen
Journal: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Citation: J Rehabil Med. 2016;48(8):688-695
Publication Year and Month: 2016 10

Abstract: Objective: To explore the physical and social situation of the Norwegian polio population in 2014, and to compare the status of this population in 2014 with the results of a similar survey carried out 20 years previously, in 1994.

Design: The study was based on a questionnaire covering demographics, polio history, and current medical, psychological and social conditions.

Subjects: The questionnaire was prepared in cooperation with the National Society of Polio Survivors and others with known polio (n = 1,968). A total of 1,408 persons responded (72%), mean age 70 years (range 28–98 years).

Results: The most frequent health problems reported were muscle and joint pain, cold intolerance and insomnia. New muscle weakness and loss of muscle volume were reported more frequently in 2014 than in the 1994 study. The use of orthopaedic aids, assistive devices, ventilators and other respiratory aids had increased significantly, but 83% reported that they still had no home care or nursing services support. The 2014 polio population reported only minor subjective worsening of health and well-being compared with the 1994 cohort.

Conclusion: The present study indicates that the elderly polio population are experiencing new muscle weakness and increasing health problems, but that the deterioration occurs slowly and with fewer consequences for the subjective experience of general health and well-being, indicating that the patients are adapting to their life situation. However, subgroups of the elderly polio population are in need of special care.

Conclusions: The present study indicates that the elderly polio population are experiencing new muscle weakness and increasing health problems, but that the deterioration occurs slowly and with fewer consequences for the subjective experience of general health and well-being, indicating that the patients are adapting to their life situation. However, subgroups of the elderly polio population are in need of special care.

Outcome of Research: More research required

Availability of Paper: The full text of this paper has been generously made available by the publisher.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view full text or to download


Category: Diagnosis and Management, Differential Diagnosis, Gender Differences, Late Effects of Polio

Title: Postpolio Syndrome: A Review of Lived Experiences of Patients
Author: Oluwaseyi Jacob Oluwasanmi, Devaunna Andrene Mckenzie, Idowu Oluwasegun Adewole, Christian O Aluka, James Iyasse, Esther Olunu, and Adegbenro Omotuyi Fakoya1
Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, All Saints University School of Medicine, Commonwealth of Dominica, Roseau, Dominica
1Department of Anatomical Sciences, University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis
Address for correspondence: Dr. Adegbenro Omotuyi Fakoya, University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis. E-mail: [email protected]
Journal: NEW - PUT DETAILS IN CITATION FIELD
Citation: International Journal of Applied & Basic Medical Research

Oluwasanmi, O. J., Mckenzie, D. A., Adewole, I. O., Aluka, C. O., Iyasse, J., Olunu, E., & Fakoya, A. O. (2019). Postpolio Syndrome: A Review of Lived Experiences of Patients. International journal of applied & basic medical research, 9(3), 129–134. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_333_18
Publication Year and Month: 2019 07

Abstract: Postpolio syndrome (PPS) refers to a group of conditions that are present in patients, years after recovery from initial acute paralytic poliomyelitis. About 15%–80% of 20 million polio survivors worldwide will experience exacerbation of symptoms which typically appear 15–30 years after the resolution of initial poliomyelitis. Symptoms include new muscle weakness, fatigue, myalgia, joint pain, dysphagia, and difficulty breathing. Other reported symptoms include cold intolerance, sleep disorder, dysphonia, loss of stamina, musculoskeletal deformities, cardiovascular disorders, psychosocial problems, and restless legs syndrome. These symptoms are attributed to the superimposed neuronal loss of aging with inflammatory mechanisms, but without any convincing evidence of viral reactivation. Risk factors include female gender, respiratory symptoms, normal aging, permanent disability caused by motor neuron damage, muscle overuse and disuse, aging, and immunologic mechanisms. Hypothyroidism-induced myopathy and fibromyalgia are a differential diagnosis for PPS, and exclusion diagnosis is required as confirmatory criteria for PPS. The symptoms of PPS presented determine the course of management.

Keywords: Fatigue, muscle weakness, myalgia, poliomyelitis, postpolio syndrome

Conclusions: PPS is a sequela of acute poliomyelitis which occurs decades after resolution of the initial paralytic or nonparalytic polio. Fatigue, muscle weakness, myalgia, and joint pain are the major symptoms of PPS. Diagnosis of PPS is made based on the exclusion of other conditions that can cause similar symptoms. The quality of life of patients with PPS is significantly affected by the reoccurrence of the constellations of symptoms they experience. Proper assessment and treatment should be performed to prevent severe impairment of function in patients.

Outcome of Research: More research required

Availability of Paper: The full text of this paper has been generously made available by the publisher.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view full text or to download


There are currently 3 papers in this category.

Category: Differential Diagnosis

Title: Health and Social Considerations in Norwegian Polio Survivors: A 20-Year Follow-up Study
Author: Festvag L, Schanke A-K, Gilhus NE, et al.
Affiliation: Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital
University of Oslo
University of Bergen; Haukelund University Hospital, Bergen
Journal: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Citation: J Rehabil Med. 2016;48(8):688-695
Publication Year and Month: 2016 10

Abstract: Objective: To explore the physical and social situation of the Norwegian polio population in 2014, and to compare the status of this population in 2014 with the results of a similar survey carried out 20 years previously, in 1994.

Design: The study was based on a questionnaire covering demographics, polio history, and current medical, psychological and social conditions.

Subjects: The questionnaire was prepared in cooperation with the National Society of Polio Survivors and others with known polio (n = 1,968). A total of 1,408 persons responded (72%), mean age 70 years (range 28–98 years).

Results: The most frequent health problems reported were muscle and joint pain, cold intolerance and insomnia. New muscle weakness and loss of muscle volume were reported more frequently in 2014 than in the 1994 study. The use of orthopaedic aids, assistive devices, ventilators and other respiratory aids had increased significantly, but 83% reported that they still had no home care or nursing services support. The 2014 polio population reported only minor subjective worsening of health and well-being compared with the 1994 cohort.

Conclusion: The present study indicates that the elderly polio population are experiencing new muscle weakness and increasing health problems, but that the deterioration occurs slowly and with fewer consequences for the subjective experience of general health and well-being, indicating that the patients are adapting to their life situation. However, subgroups of the elderly polio population are in need of special care.

Conclusions: The present study indicates that the elderly polio population are experiencing new muscle weakness and increasing health problems, but that the deterioration occurs slowly and with fewer consequences for the subjective experience of general health and well-being, indicating that the patients are adapting to their life situation. However, subgroups of the elderly polio population are in need of special care.

Outcome of Research: More research required

Availability of Paper: The full text of this paper has been generously made available by the publisher.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view full text or to download


Category: Differential Diagnosis

Title: Diagnosing Post-Polio Syndrome in the Elderly, a Case Report
Author: Amole, M. & Khouzam-Skelton, N.
Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33612, USA
Journal: NEW - PUT DETAILS IN CITATION FIELD
Citation: Geriatrics. 2017, 2(2), 14; doi:10.3390/geriatrics2020014
Publication Year and Month: 2017 02

Abstract: Poliomyelitis is a disorder of the nervous system caused by an enterovirus. There are many survivors who, years later, develop a little-understood condition called Post-polio syndrome. Post-polio syndrome is a group of delayed sequalae of polio infection that can cause paralysis and bulbar symptoms in patients with a history of polio infection who have had a prolonged symptom-free period, often greater than two decades. Diagnosis of post-polio syndrome is difficult in the geriatric population because many of the symptoms overlap with other disease processes affecting older individuals. An extensive workup is necessary to exclude more concerning etiologies. Furthermore, several symptoms can be attributed to normal ageing. We present the case of an elderly patient with a history of poliomyelitis and multiple comorbidities who presented with complaints of weakness and fatigue.

Conclusions: Post-polio syndrome is an interesting disorder characterized by new neuromuscular deficits that present years after the resolution of a polio infection. There are several diagnostic criteria, but one of the most important is the exclusion of other possible diagnoses. Post-polio syndrome diagnosis is even more difficult in the elderly population due to the presence of multiple comorbid conditions. Extensive testing may be necessary for an appropriate diagnosis in this population.

Outcome of Research: Not applicable

Availability of Paper: The full text of this paper has been generously made available by the publisher.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view full text or to download


Category: Diagnosis and Management, Differential Diagnosis, Gender Differences, Late Effects of Polio

Title: Postpolio Syndrome: A Review of Lived Experiences of Patients
Author: Oluwaseyi Jacob Oluwasanmi, Devaunna Andrene Mckenzie, Idowu Oluwasegun Adewole, Christian O Aluka, James Iyasse, Esther Olunu, and Adegbenro Omotuyi Fakoya1
Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, All Saints University School of Medicine, Commonwealth of Dominica, Roseau, Dominica
1Department of Anatomical Sciences, University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis
Address for correspondence: Dr. Adegbenro Omotuyi Fakoya, University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis. E-mail: [email protected]
Journal: NEW - PUT DETAILS IN CITATION FIELD
Citation: International Journal of Applied & Basic Medical Research

Oluwasanmi, O. J., Mckenzie, D. A., Adewole, I. O., Aluka, C. O., Iyasse, J., Olunu, E., & Fakoya, A. O. (2019). Postpolio Syndrome: A Review of Lived Experiences of Patients. International journal of applied & basic medical research, 9(3), 129–134. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_333_18
Publication Year and Month: 2019 07

Abstract: Postpolio syndrome (PPS) refers to a group of conditions that are present in patients, years after recovery from initial acute paralytic poliomyelitis. About 15%–80% of 20 million polio survivors worldwide will experience exacerbation of symptoms which typically appear 15–30 years after the resolution of initial poliomyelitis. Symptoms include new muscle weakness, fatigue, myalgia, joint pain, dysphagia, and difficulty breathing. Other reported symptoms include cold intolerance, sleep disorder, dysphonia, loss of stamina, musculoskeletal deformities, cardiovascular disorders, psychosocial problems, and restless legs syndrome. These symptoms are attributed to the superimposed neuronal loss of aging with inflammatory mechanisms, but without any convincing evidence of viral reactivation. Risk factors include female gender, respiratory symptoms, normal aging, permanent disability caused by motor neuron damage, muscle overuse and disuse, aging, and immunologic mechanisms. Hypothyroidism-induced myopathy and fibromyalgia are a differential diagnosis for PPS, and exclusion diagnosis is required as confirmatory criteria for PPS. The symptoms of PPS presented determine the course of management.

Keywords: Fatigue, muscle weakness, myalgia, poliomyelitis, postpolio syndrome

Conclusions: PPS is a sequela of acute poliomyelitis which occurs decades after resolution of the initial paralytic or nonparalytic polio. Fatigue, muscle weakness, myalgia, and joint pain are the major symptoms of PPS. Diagnosis of PPS is made based on the exclusion of other conditions that can cause similar symptoms. The quality of life of patients with PPS is significantly affected by the reoccurrence of the constellations of symptoms they experience. Proper assessment and treatment should be performed to prevent severe impairment of function in patients.

Outcome of Research: More research required

Availability of Paper: The full text of this paper has been generously made available by the publisher.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view full text or to download


There are currently 3 papers in this category.

Category: Diagnosis and Management, Differential Diagnosis, Gender Differences, Late Effects of Polio

Title: Postpolio Syndrome: A Review of Lived Experiences of Patients
Author: Oluwaseyi Jacob Oluwasanmi, Devaunna Andrene Mckenzie, Idowu Oluwasegun Adewole, Christian O Aluka, James Iyasse, Esther Olunu, and Adegbenro Omotuyi Fakoya1
Affiliation: Department of Microbiology, All Saints University School of Medicine, Commonwealth of Dominica, Roseau, Dominica
1Department of Anatomical Sciences, University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis
Address for correspondence: Dr. Adegbenro Omotuyi Fakoya, University of Medicine and Health Sciences, Basseterre, St. Kitts and Nevis. E-mail: [email protected]
Journal: NEW - PUT DETAILS IN CITATION FIELD
Citation: International Journal of Applied & Basic Medical Research

Oluwasanmi, O. J., Mckenzie, D. A., Adewole, I. O., Aluka, C. O., Iyasse, J., Olunu, E., & Fakoya, A. O. (2019). Postpolio Syndrome: A Review of Lived Experiences of Patients. International journal of applied & basic medical research, 9(3), 129–134. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijabmr.IJABMR_333_18
Publication Year and Month: 2019 07

Abstract: Postpolio syndrome (PPS) refers to a group of conditions that are present in patients, years after recovery from initial acute paralytic poliomyelitis. About 15%–80% of 20 million polio survivors worldwide will experience exacerbation of symptoms which typically appear 15–30 years after the resolution of initial poliomyelitis. Symptoms include new muscle weakness, fatigue, myalgia, joint pain, dysphagia, and difficulty breathing. Other reported symptoms include cold intolerance, sleep disorder, dysphonia, loss of stamina, musculoskeletal deformities, cardiovascular disorders, psychosocial problems, and restless legs syndrome. These symptoms are attributed to the superimposed neuronal loss of aging with inflammatory mechanisms, but without any convincing evidence of viral reactivation. Risk factors include female gender, respiratory symptoms, normal aging, permanent disability caused by motor neuron damage, muscle overuse and disuse, aging, and immunologic mechanisms. Hypothyroidism-induced myopathy and fibromyalgia are a differential diagnosis for PPS, and exclusion diagnosis is required as confirmatory criteria for PPS. The symptoms of PPS presented determine the course of management.

Keywords: Fatigue, muscle weakness, myalgia, poliomyelitis, postpolio syndrome

Conclusions: PPS is a sequela of acute poliomyelitis which occurs decades after resolution of the initial paralytic or nonparalytic polio. Fatigue, muscle weakness, myalgia, and joint pain are the major symptoms of PPS. Diagnosis of PPS is made based on the exclusion of other conditions that can cause similar symptoms. The quality of life of patients with PPS is significantly affected by the reoccurrence of the constellations of symptoms they experience. Proper assessment and treatment should be performed to prevent severe impairment of function in patients.

Outcome of Research: More research required

Availability of Paper: The full text of this paper has been generously made available by the publisher.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view full text or to download


Category: Differential Diagnosis

Title: Diagnosing Post-Polio Syndrome in the Elderly, a Case Report
Author: Amole, M. & Khouzam-Skelton, N.
Affiliation: Department of Internal Medicine, Morsani College of Medicine, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL 33612, USA
Journal: NEW - PUT DETAILS IN CITATION FIELD
Citation: Geriatrics. 2017, 2(2), 14; doi:10.3390/geriatrics2020014
Publication Year and Month: 2017 02

Abstract: Poliomyelitis is a disorder of the nervous system caused by an enterovirus. There are many survivors who, years later, develop a little-understood condition called Post-polio syndrome. Post-polio syndrome is a group of delayed sequalae of polio infection that can cause paralysis and bulbar symptoms in patients with a history of polio infection who have had a prolonged symptom-free period, often greater than two decades. Diagnosis of post-polio syndrome is difficult in the geriatric population because many of the symptoms overlap with other disease processes affecting older individuals. An extensive workup is necessary to exclude more concerning etiologies. Furthermore, several symptoms can be attributed to normal ageing. We present the case of an elderly patient with a history of poliomyelitis and multiple comorbidities who presented with complaints of weakness and fatigue.

Conclusions: Post-polio syndrome is an interesting disorder characterized by new neuromuscular deficits that present years after the resolution of a polio infection. There are several diagnostic criteria, but one of the most important is the exclusion of other possible diagnoses. Post-polio syndrome diagnosis is even more difficult in the elderly population due to the presence of multiple comorbid conditions. Extensive testing may be necessary for an appropriate diagnosis in this population.

Outcome of Research: Not applicable

Availability of Paper: The full text of this paper has been generously made available by the publisher.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view full text or to download


Category: Differential Diagnosis

Title: Health and Social Considerations in Norwegian Polio Survivors: A 20-Year Follow-up Study
Author: Festvag L, Schanke A-K, Gilhus NE, et al.
Affiliation: Sunnaas Rehabilitation Hospital
University of Oslo
University of Bergen; Haukelund University Hospital, Bergen
Journal: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Citation: J Rehabil Med. 2016;48(8):688-695
Publication Year and Month: 2016 10

Abstract: Objective: To explore the physical and social situation of the Norwegian polio population in 2014, and to compare the status of this population in 2014 with the results of a similar survey carried out 20 years previously, in 1994.

Design: The study was based on a questionnaire covering demographics, polio history, and current medical, psychological and social conditions.

Subjects: The questionnaire was prepared in cooperation with the National Society of Polio Survivors and others with known polio (n = 1,968). A total of 1,408 persons responded (72%), mean age 70 years (range 28–98 years).

Results: The most frequent health problems reported were muscle and joint pain, cold intolerance and insomnia. New muscle weakness and loss of muscle volume were reported more frequently in 2014 than in the 1994 study. The use of orthopaedic aids, assistive devices, ventilators and other respiratory aids had increased significantly, but 83% reported that they still had no home care or nursing services support. The 2014 polio population reported only minor subjective worsening of health and well-being compared with the 1994 cohort.

Conclusion: The present study indicates that the elderly polio population are experiencing new muscle weakness and increasing health problems, but that the deterioration occurs slowly and with fewer consequences for the subjective experience of general health and well-being, indicating that the patients are adapting to their life situation. However, subgroups of the elderly polio population are in need of special care.

Conclusions: The present study indicates that the elderly polio population are experiencing new muscle weakness and increasing health problems, but that the deterioration occurs slowly and with fewer consequences for the subjective experience of general health and well-being, indicating that the patients are adapting to their life situation. However, subgroups of the elderly polio population are in need of special care.

Outcome of Research: More research required

Availability of Paper: The full text of this paper has been generously made available by the publisher.

Comments (if any):

Link to Paper (if available): Click here to view full text or to download


There are currently 3 papers in this category.

Outcomes of Research or Clinical Trials Activity Levels Acute Flaccid Paralysis Ageing Anaerobic Threshold Anaesthesia Assistive Technology Brain Cardiorespiratory Cardiovascular Clinical Evaluation Cold Intolerance Complementary Therapies Continence Coping Styles and Strategies Cultural Context Diagnosis and Management Differential Diagnosis Drugs Dysphagia Dysphonia Epidemiology Exercise Falls Fatigue Fractures Gender Differences Immune Response Inflammation Late Effects of Polio Muscle Strength Muscular Atrophy Orthoses Pain Polio Immunisation Post-Polio Motor Unit Psychology Quality of Life Renal Complications Respiratory Complications and Management Restless Legs Syndrome Sleep Analaysis Surgery Vitality Vocational Implications